Johnson is consciously provoking the EU into either allowing the single market to be compromised by unfair UK trade practices, or taking appropriate steps to safeguard its external frontiers by instigating controls on Northern Ireland trade. He thinks that in doing so, he can then blame the EU for any ‘hard border’.
Author: Michael Dougan
Michael is professor of European law and Jean Monnet chair in EU law at the University of Liverpool. He has provided expert testimony to the UK parliament and acted as fact checker for BBC Reality Check during the referendum. He is joint editor of the Common Market Law Review. In his spare time he plays violin / viola with the Liverpool Mozart Orchestra.